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Methamphetamine rise in East and South-East Asia threat to security and health, UNODC warns

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*Artikel ini hanya tersedia dalam bahasa Inggris

Source: http://www.unodc.org/eastasiaandpacific/en/2011/11/regional-ats-2011/story.html

Methamphetamine rise in East and South-East Asia threat to security and health, UNODC warns

Jakarta (Indonesia), 30 November 2011 - East Asia and South-East Asia are major centres for the illicit manufacture of amphetamine-type stimulants (ATS). There has been a significant expansion in the manufacture, trafficking and use of methamphetamines in the past five years. This, plus the increasing involvement of transnational organized criminal groups in the ATS drug trade pose a growing threat to security and public health in the region, warns a report by the United Nations Office on Drugs and Crime (UNODC).

"The international community has taken its eye off the ball on illicit drug production and trafficking in East Asia," said Mr. Gary Lewis, Regional Representative, UNODC Regional Centre for East Asia and the Pacific. "The numbers are heading in the wrong direction. We must be pro-active on all fronts to assist the countries of the region to counteract these threats and prevent East and South-East Asia from again becoming a major illicit drugs hub."

The report, 2011 Patterns and Trends of Amphetamine-Type Stimulants and Other Drugs, Asia and the Pacific, highlights the latest patterns and trends of ATS - a market which includes amphetamine, methamphetamine, methcathinone, and ecstasy-group substances - as well as other illicit drugs in East and South-East Asia. It also provides overviews for the neighbouring regions of South Asia and the Pacific.

In addition to endemic threats from regional organized crime groups, the report draws attention to the growing reach and presence in Asia of transnational organized criminal groups from outside the region. Methamphetamine trafficking by African groups has been officially reported by China, Cambodia, Indonesia, Japan, Malaysia, the Philippines, Thailand and Viet Nam. Attempts by Iranian groups to establish illicit ATS manufacturing operations in Japan, Malaysia and Thailand have also been reported.

The event started with a brief remark by the UN Resident Coordinator for Indonesia, Mr. El Mostafa Benlamih, who highlighted how the nexus of transnational organized crime and drug trafficking are undermining development and the rule of law. A strategic response is needed at the global and local level to counter this growing threat.

The keynote speech was delivered by Mr. Gories Mere, Head, National Narcotics Board (BNN) of the Republic of Indonesia. Mr. Mere highlighted the drug problems facing Indonesia and described what the Government is doing to combat the problem. The use, trafficking and seizures of crystalline methamphetamine have increased in the country in the past two years while problems related to cannabis and heroin have shown a declining trend, Mr. Mere said. He also stressed the importance of preventative education as well as drug treatment and rehabilitation services.

In terms of illicit drug use, ATS rank among the top three drugs of use in all 15 countries surveyed in the region. In 10 of those countries, ATS use increased during 2010. Only Australia, Japan, New Zealand, the Philippines and the Republic of Korea reported stable or declining usage. In addition, the use of crystalline methamphetamine has expanded to countries which had not previously reported it such as Cambodia, China, Lao PDR, Myanmar, Thailand and Viet Nam. The manufacture and use of ecstasy declined in East and South-East Asia, which is consistent with global trends.

Since most of the methamphetamine that is seized in the region is also produced in the region, the staggering increase in seizures reflects burgeoning production. For example, methamphetamine seizures in 2010 reached 136 million pills - a fourfold increase over the 32 million seized in 2008. In terms of the location of these seizures, in 2010, most pills were seized in China (58.4 million), Thailand (50.4 million) and Lao PDR (24.5 million).

Moreover, 442 ATS-related laboratories were busted in 2010 in East and South-East Asia - representing a nearly five-fold rise since 2006, according to the report.

The Lao PDR figure represents a ten-fold increase in just one year - and points to the targeting of that country by traffickers. The region's manufacturing, trafficking and use of illicit drugs pose a growing threat to Lao PDR, says the report. Lao PDR is at risk of seeing methamphetamine manufacturing facilities relocate from Myanmar to its remote northern regions. Methamphetamine pills are the primary drug of use in Lao PDR, and the market for ATS continues to expand.

In overall terms, however, China, Myanmar and the Philippines still remain the largest illicit manufacturers of ATS. Significant manufacturing expansion has been reported in Cambodia, Indonesia and Malaysia, previously considered to be primarily ATS transit countries. Indonesia has developed significant problems with ATS manufacturing and use, with crystal methamphetamine now the primary drug of use, having overtaken cannabis. International drug trafficking organizations continue to smuggle ATS and other illicit drugs into Indonesia.

The report also notes that South Asia and the Pacific Island States and territories are vulnerable to an expansion of illicit ATS manufacture, trafficking and diversion of ephedrine or pseudoephedrine, often in pharmaceutical preparations, to drug-making facilities.

Rising number of arrests, greater demand for treatment

Expanding methamphetamine use has fuelled a sharp increase in methamphetamine-related arrests. It has also led to increased need for effective drug treatment. In 2010, nearly 218,000 arrests in the region involved methamphetamine, a 19% increase on the previous year. Methamphetamine accounted for 87% of all drug-related arrests in Brunei Darussalam, 83% in Japan, 80% in Thailand, 77% in the Philippines and 70% in the Republic of Korea.

"Drug dependence is a chronic relapsing health condition which should be treated in the health sector based on scientific evidence and on each individual's treatment needs," said Mr. Lewis. "We need more motivational, cognitive-behavioural and case-management approaches. The vast majority of people can be efficiently treated on an out-patient basis."

 

Background - the Global SMART Programme

This report, 2011 Patterns and Trends of Amphetamine-Type Stimulants and Other Drugs, Asia and the Pacific, was prepared by the UNODC Global Synthetics Monitoring: Analyses, Reporting and Trends (SMART) Programme.

UNODC launched the Global Synthetics Monitoring: Analyses, Reporting and Trends (SMART) Programme in September 2008. The objective of the Programme is to enhance the capacity of Member States and relevant authorities to generate, manage, analyse, report and use synthetic drug information, in order to design effective, scientifically-sound and evidence-based policies and programmes.


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بِسْـمِ اللّهِ الرَّحْمنِ الرَّحِيْمِ *السَّلاَمُ عَلَيْكُمْ وَرَحْمَةُ اللهِ وَبَرَكَاتُهُ* Dewan Pimpinan Cabang Gerakan Nasional Anti Narkotika KABUPATEN LOMBOK UTARA --------------------------------------------------------------------------- Segenap Pengurus DPC Granat Kab.LOMBOK UTARA turut mengungkapkan dengan setulus hati juga keikhlasan dalam rangka Bulan Syawal 1438 H / Juni 2017 bahwa : Air tidak selalu Jernih, Begitu juga Ucapan, . Kapas tidak selalu Putih, Begitu juga Hati, . Langit tidak selalu Biru, Begitu juga Hidup, . Jalan tidak selalu Lurus, Begitu juga Langkah, . Untuk itu Satukan Niat kita untuk menjadikan generasi kedepan yang Lebih baik dan berprestasi Tanpa NARKOBA. Aamiin, . Yaa Rabbal'aalamiin, . Segenap Pengurus DPC Granat Kab.LOMBOK UTARA Mengatur sembah Sepuluh Jari, . Apabila ada bahasa tidak pada tempatnya,. MINTA RIDHO, . Sekaligus MINTA RELAKAN, . Terlebih & Terkurang, . Semuanya Minta Ma'af yang sebesar-besarnya Dengan ucapan : Minal 'Aidin Walfaizin, . Mohon Ma'af Lahir & Bathin Narkoba, . . . . . . No Prestasi, . . . . . . Yes Perjuangan, . . . Oke Granat KLU, . . . Jaya *وَعَلَيْكُمْ السَّلاَمُ وَرَحْمَةُ اللهِ وَبَرَكَاتُهُ*


Minggu, 25 Juni 2017 11:11
1 | 1 |
Aslm'alkm, . Wr, . Wb Salam sejahtera untuk kita semua, . Dengan memperingati Hari Anti Narkotika Internasional ( HANI ) 22 Juni 2017 Mari kita bersama-sama mebulatkan tekat untuk membersihkan Kampung kita dari Peredaran Gelap Narkoba yang sudah merusak generasi muda kita. Wslm'alkm, . Wr, . Wb


Kamis, 22 Juni 2017 22:10
3 |
ALHAMDULILLAH SUKSES ACARA BUKA PUASA BERSAMA KELUARGA BESAR DPC GRANAT KOTA LANGSA ATAS DUKUNGAN SEGENAP PENGURUS ,SELASA 20 JUNI 2017.DI RH CAFE.YG DIHADIRI KEPALA BNN KOTA LANGSA AKBP NAVRI YULENNI,SH,MH. BERSERTA KASIE BNN DAN KASUBBAG TU BNN LGS,KETUA DPD GRANAT ACEH AFRIZAL,SH DAN WAKILNYA.KETUA PRAKSI PA SAMSUL BAHRI,SH.,HAKIM PENGADILAN NEGERI TAMIENG FAZLI,SH.,KETUA IKAN LGS IR.ISMAIL MANYAK.,KETUA IPQAH KOTA LANGSA SYAHRUL MTA,S.Sos.I.,SEKRETARIS,BENDAHARA DAN PARA WAKIL KETUA SERTA SEGENAP PENGURUS DPC GRANAT KOTA LANGSA DAN JUGA DIHADIRI BEBERAPA MEDIA ELEKTRONIK SERTA MEDIA CETAK.SAYA SELAKU KETUA DPC ISLAMSYAH MTA,ST MENGUCAPKAN TERIMAKASIH KPD SEMUA PIHAK YG TELAH MENSUKSESKAN ACARA BUKA PUASA BERSAMA KELUARGA BESAR DPC GRANAT KOTA LANGSA.SALAM GRANAT.GRANAT MENGABDI UNTUK BANGSA.DAN SIAP MENJALANKAN PROGRAM P4GN.


Selasa, 20 Juni 2017 23:11
10 | 2 |
Presiden JOKOWI. adalah Bapak Pembangunan yg sebenar nya. Tidak ada alasan utk Tidak didoakan dan didukung untuk menerus kan kepemimpinan Neg Bgs n Pemerintah an. Semoga Allah meridhoi n melindungi Beliau n Keluarganya pada Hari Ulang Tahun nya....Selamat Panjang Usia Pak Jokowi.
Rabu, 21 Juni 2017 03:03
5 |
Terimakasih udh diizinin gabung. Untuk kabupaten Bogor kemana kami merapat?
Selasa, 20 Juni 2017 23:11
1 |
Insya Allah besok sukses dlm pelaksanaannya.krn kami mengundang kepala bnn kota lgs.LSM,ORMAS dan OKP Serta beberapa tokoh.berjumlah sekiatar 70 org.indahnya kebersamàan.


Selasa, 20 Juni 2017 23:11
8 |
Alhamdulillah.... giat hari Senin 19 Juni 2017, di depan sekertariat Granat DPD Jabar. Bravo Granat
Senin, 19 Juni 2017 20:08
4 | 7 |
Terima kasih buat pak jilal mardhani yg telah mengizinkan saya bergabung di grup granat ini Salam kenal buat semuanya
Senin, 19 Juni 2017 20:08
2 |
Kami menghrpkan tmn2 Granat seluruh Indonesia....punya ke khas an dan metoda Unggulan dlm upy Cegah n Tangkal Bahaya Narkoba di wilayah n lingkungan msg2.
Senin, 19 Juni 2017 10:10
10 | 5 |
KETUA DPC GRANAT KOTA LANGSA ISLAMSYAH MTA MENYAMPAIKAN P4GN DI ACARA BUKA PUASA BERSAMA DPD II KNPI KOTA LANGSA DI RESTORAN RENGGALI MINGGU 18 JUNI 2017. BERSAMA PEMUDA SIGAP DALAM MISI DAN VISI PERANG MELAWAN PENYALAHGUNAAN NARKOBA.


Senin, 19 Juni 2017 05:05
9 | 2 |

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